Ubuntu Got 2 Windows 7 (loader) entries in Grub2

What was the cause of the problem:

Grub2 looks for the Windows boot files for detecting Windows entries. Though you removed Windows 7, the Windows 7 boot files aren't removed (which are "Boot" folder and "bootmgr" file). And as Windows 7 boot files are there, grub2 simply assumes that, there are Windows 7 installation also. Hence the dual entry.

You should find what you're looking for inside of /boot/grub/grub.cfg. This file is dynamically generated by update-grub2. I am dual booting Ubuntu 32bit and 64bit. If I wanted to remove one, I would simply delete it's section from this file.

menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 3.2.0-23-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
 ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###

menuentry "Windows 7 (loader) (on /dev/sda1)" --class windows --class os {
    insmod part_msdos
    insmod ntfs
    set root='(hd0,msdos2)'
    search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root C08C7F598C7F4944
    chainloader +1
menuentry "Windows 7 (loader) (on /dev/sda2)" --class windows --class os {
    insmod part_msdos
    insmod ntfs
    set root='(hd0,msdos2)'
    search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root C08C7F598C7F4944
    chainloader +1
menuentry "Windows Recovery Environment (loader) (on /dev/sda4)" --class windows --class os {
    insmod part_msdos
    insmod ntfs
    set root='(hd0,msdos4)'
    search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root C22A7EEA2A7EDB3D
    drivemap -s (hd0) ${root}
    chainloader +1

Changes should take effect immediately, so make a backup and be careful. Also, anything you change in this file will be completely over written if you run update-grub2 again.

make sure you're delete the right one or you'll be sorry...


Mount the /dev/sda1 drive. Then in that drive look for a folder named Boot and a file named bootmgr. Remove both the folder and file. Then run update-grub2 command again.
You might want to install grub2 again. As I see your Ubuntu installation is at /dev/sdb, the commands will be

sudo grub-install /dev/sdb
sudo update-grub 


Open the terminal in a specific size and position in Ubuntu/ Linux Mint

In Ubuntu or Linux Mint and many other distros, when you open the terminal, the window will appear at the top left corner of the desktop screen and I usually have to drag it down to the bottom left of the desktop. If you dont like the default position and size of the start up window, you can edit it easily.

There are in fact many methods to customize the start up position of the terminal, but in this article I will show you a simple way to do the task without installing anything. In Ubuntu or Linux Mint Cinnamon, just open the terminal and run the following command:

sudo gnome-desktop-item-edit /usr/share/applications/gnome-terminal.desktop

If you use MATE, the command will be

sudo mate-desktop-item-edit /usr/share/applications/mate-terminal.desktop

After you hit enter, you will see the properties window of the launcher for the terminal.

In the command tab, just append this option after the part "mate-terminal" (or "gnome-terminal"):

 What this means:
100: the width of the terminal ( in characters)
50: the height ( in lines)
800: x position of the terminal when you open it up
300: y position

Just change the numbers into whatever values you prefer then click on the Close button and everything is done. Next time you open the terminal, the terminal window will appear at the new position instead of the top left corner of the desktop screen  

source http://www.linuxandlife.com

Easy way to download Potenza and install

Potenza was updated on Gnome-look two days ago and this icon set has been rated positively. All icons in this set have a squircular shape and the bright colors make Potenza go together with dark GTK themes very well.

Here are some screenshots of Pontenza

 This is an easy way to download and install
  • sudo wget http://mystras.cloudfactory.eu/Downloads/Potenza.deb
  • sudo dpkg -i Potenza*
  • sudo apt-get install -f

How To Setup Static DNS Servers in Ubuntu

To get started, press Ctrl – Alt – T on your keyboard to open the terminal. When it opens, run the commands below to open dhclient.conf file.

sudo gedit /etc/dhcp/dhclient.conf
Then change the line highlighted to:
prepend domain-name-servers x.x.x.x, y.y.y.y;

Replace xx and yy with the primary and secondary DNS server addresses. Separate each address with a comma. Save the file and you’re done.

i COPY AND PASTE this from here for my own knowledge.

Install Razor Lightweight Desktop in Ubuntu 12.10 & 12.04

Razor-qt is an advanced, easy-to-use, and fast desktop environment based on Qt technologies. It has been tailored for users who value simplicity, speed, and an intuitive interface. Unlike most desktop environments, Razor-qt also works fine with weak machines.

Razor-qt is a new open-source project, it works with various WMs. This simple tutorial will show you how to install Razor Desktop in Ubuntu using PPA

 Install Razor Desktop from PPA:

Hit Ctrl+Alt+T, copy and paste this command into terminal and hit enter to add the PPA. It supports Ubuntu 12.10, Ubuntu 12.04, 11.10, 11.04, and 10.04.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:razor-qt/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install razorqt

Log out and select to log in with Razor Desktop:

Ubuntu Builder 2.3.0 Adds Support For Ubuntu 12.10 Quantal Quetzal

Ubuntu Builder has been updated to version 2.3.0 recently which adds support for Ubuntu 12.10 Quantal Quetzal and at the same time drops support for Natty. Ubuntu Builder is a tool with GUI that allows users to build a customized version of their Ubuntu-based distributions. The tool allows to customize either i386 or amd64 OS images.

 Ubuntu Builder Installation

Open the terminal and install Ubuntu Builder 2.3.0 in Ubuntu 12.10/12.04 or Linux Mint 13 with the following commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:f-muriana/ubuntu-builder
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-builder 

Make Unity More Responsive in Ubuntu 12.10 with a Small Tweak

Ubuntu 12.10 has been released and you may have already started customizing it. Below is a small tweak that will make Unity dash more responsive.

Ubuntu 12.10 has a 'low graphics mode' that disables some dash and launcher effects like active blur and transparency. It also darkens dash for improved visibility. By sacrificing these effects, you can improve Unity performance.

This low graphics mode is enabled by default in llvmpipe software mode which is used as a fallback method if your system doesn't support 3D hardware acceleration. However, on high end systems, you can enable low graphics mode without getting into fallback renderer.

Low graphics mode can be enabled by adding following line to ~/.xprofile (if the file doesn't exist, create it)

Logout, and come back for the effect to take place.

To check if you are running llvmpipe software mode or not, run the following command:

glxgears -info

In software mode, you will get output like this:
GL_RENDERER = Gallium 0.4 on llvmpipe (LLVM 3.1, 128 bits)
GL_VERSION = 2.1 Mesa 9.1-devel
GL_VENDOR = VMware, Inc.

Low graphics mode changes are mostly same as disabling blur and transparency effects through compiz config settings manager (CCSM). You can use either of these methods to improve Unity performance on your desktop.


How To Add The BackTrack Repository To Ubuntu 12.10/12.04/11.10

BackTrack is a Ubuntu-based distribution built mainly for security testing and is provided for all user levels from beginners to advanced. The BackTrack distro provides professional users and hackers a large collection of open source tools and utilities that help in testing your hardware and network (wireless/wired) for security vulnerabilities. Their home page can be accessed here if you want to get more information about this Linux distro.

In this tutorial we will help you add the BackTrack repository to Ubuntu so that you can install BackTrack packages natively using "sudo apt-get install package" or from Ubuntu Software Center.

Getting Started

Open the terminal under Ubuntu 12.10/12.04/11.10 or older and run the following commands to add the BackTrack repository:

wget -q http://all.repository.backtrack-linux.org/backtrack.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add -

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb http://all.repository.backtrack-linux.org revolution main microverse non-free testing' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

sudo apt-get update 

sudo apt-get upgrade 

To check if the repository is added correctly, you can try to install this BackTrack package: 

sudo apt-get install backtrack-wallpapers

Or you can search BackTrack applications from Ubuntu Software Center

source http://www.upubuntu.com 

Get Nitrux OS - a new awesome icon set for your desktop

Nitrux OS was just uploaded on Gnome-look but it already has a very high rating. According to the author, Nitrux OS will be the default icon theme of the upcoming distro with the same name. The download file is very light, around 2.5 MB but it consists of 5 different sets and all are very awesome.

If the preview image on gnome-look is not enough for you, here are some screenshots of Nitrux OS Dark icons I just installed on my Mint desktop:

You can click here to directly download this beautiful icon set here from gnome-look. If you are using Ubuntu or any other Ubuntu-based distro, you can open the terminal and run the following commands to install it from the PPA:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:upubuntu-com/themes
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install nitruxos

How To Vpn Setting For Ubuntu

For the settings:
1) Download your key from your VPN provider
2) Extract the file ( usually .zip)

3) Open your connection manager, choose VPN Connection

4) Click Configure VPN , under VPN tab click Import

5) Find your extracted VPN key folder, where ever  you put it, double click..
    sometimes your provider give full certificate, some provider want you to 
    key in your username and password

6) Click Save.  

For the connection
1) Open your Connection Manager
2) Choose VPN Connection
3) Choose your server and wait, if you got failure try another server until you succeed.

Enjoy your VPN Connection...
( mind my english)

Ubuntu 12.10 Simplifies GRUB Boot Menu

Ubuntu 12.10 features a minor but interesting change in GRUB2 Boot Menu.

Menu entries now have 'Ubuntu' as the first option instead of 'Ubuntu with Linux (Kernel version)'. Everything else has been tucked into a new 'Advanced Options' entry which lists older Kernels and recovery mode options.

Here is a screenshot of new boot menu:

Advanced Options:

For comparison, here is a screenshot of boot menu in Ubuntu 12.04:

New boot menu makes sense as any first time Linux user may get confused by recovery mode option and Kernel versions. A simple 'Ubuntu' entry is enough to tell a user what to do in case he is presented with a boot menu.

By default GRUB menu is hidden and it is only shown when a system fails to shut properly or Shift key is held during boot time.

Sway Black-Base ORANGE: A Nice Dark GTK3 Theme for Unity and Gnome Shell - Ubuntu 12.04/Linux Mint 13 (Maya).

Sway Black-Base ORANGE is an elegant GTK3 theme that uses a striking combination of black and orange colors. The theme can be enabled under Unity and Gnome Shell. Here is a screenshot of Sway Black-Base ORANGE under Ubuntu 12.04 (Unity):

Sway Black-Base ORANGE Installation

To install this theme under Ubuntu 12.10/12.04/11.10 or Linux Mint 13 (Maya), open the terminal and issue these commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:upubuntu-com/gtk3
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install sway-black-orange

You can use Gnome Tweak Tool to enable it, or run these two commands:

gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface gtk-theme 'Sway Black-Base ORANGE'

gconftool-2 --set --type string /apps/metacity/general/theme 'Sway Black-Base ORANGE'

Theme source: gnome-look

Install Latest Build of Terminator from PPA

Terminator allows users to have multiple terminals in one window and use key bindings to switch between them. It provides an efficient way of filling a large area of screen space with terminals.

Some new features and fixes have been included in Terminator since its last release, so I have packaged it into a PPA.
  • Auto-resize columns/rows: Double clicking on a splitter evenly redistributes columns/rows in that grouping
  • It is now possible to rename multiple windows of Terminator using a keyboard shortcut
  • You can now add a keyboard shortcut for inserting terminal numbers
  • Added possibility to rotate the paned containers. Super + R for rotating terminals clockwise and Super + Shift + R for rotating terminals counter-clockwise
  • Fixed, titlebars not refreshing when using some keyboard shortcuts
  • Fixed initial terminal sizing with non-default font sizes
  • Many other fixes
You can download latest build in Ubuntu 12.04 and 12.10 by running the commands below. Do note that this is not an official stable release from developers.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:niteshgupta16/ubuntuvibes
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install terminator


Some new features and fixes have been included in Terminator since its last release, so I have packaged it into a PPA. 

Open Source Creativity - Hackerspaces: Science on the SPOT

Get malys ex - new elegant and stylish icon set by Jonny Malys

Malys -ex is the newest icon set created by the prolific artist Jonny Malys. The main style of this icon set is a spherical symbol inside a square with nice color combination.
 Here is a screenshot of this beautiful icon set:
 To install Malys -ex, you can just download it here then extract the icon folder to /usr/share/icons.
If you are using Ubuntu or Linux Mint, just open the terminal and run this command to install Malys -ex from the PPA
 sudo add-apt-repository ppa:noobslab/icons  
 sudo apt-get update  
 sudo apt-get install malys-ex

Problem With Font Color In Ubuntu 12.04

Sometimes when you change setting to make your themes nicer, it makes your fonts can't easily read. I found this solution.

 mv /home/user/.config/dconf/user /home/user/.config/dconf/user.old 

All your setting will lost but you'll get the contrast.

How To Remove Envelope Icon From Top Panel Ubuntu 12.04

If you don't like to use the envelope ( like myself)  just remove it from the panel. Code:
sudo apt-get purge indicator-message

or just open the Ubuntu Software Center and search for "indicator-messages" then uninstall.
But i prefer the apt-get.

Ubuntu 12.04 Black Screen After Logout

There were lots of suggestions and answers I found regarding this matter but the one that worked on my end was a very simple one. It was all about the screen display resolution. My laptop has a standard 1366 x 768 (16:9) resolution. For some reason this was changed to 1360 x 768. 
The change is very minor but this, in fact, was the cause on why I get a black/blank screen when I logout. After restoring to the original resolution, everything is now back to normal and working as it should be.

Go To  System Setting 

Choose Display

Change The Purple Background (Splash Screen) Ubuntu 12.04

In this tutorial we will see how to change the background image (splash screen) of the GRUB boot loader under Ubuntu 11.10/12.04 or older.

When you start your system, a boot menu will show up containing an ordered list of operating systems and kernels. This boot menu is black by default and can be customized as follows:

Start the Ubuntu terminal and install first the grub2-splashimages package with this command:
sudo apt-get install grub2-splashimages
GRUB spalsh images are stored in the /usr/share/images/grub folder, you can access it with this command:
sudo nautilus /usr/share/images/grub
If you want to use a custom image, make sure it is in the TGA format, then place it in that folder. After deciding which image to use as splash screen for the GRUB2 boot loader, edit now the /etc/default/grub file with this command:
sudo gedit /etc/default/grub
At the end of the file, add this line:
Replace YOUR-IMAGE.tga with your custom image name.

When you finish, press CTRL+Q and save your file. Run now this command:
sudo update-grub
Restart now your computer to see if changes are successful (hold down the SHIFT key to bring up the GRUB boot screen while rebooting).                                                                                                                              Source 


The Best And Easy Way....

Install Grub Customizer, every settings are under Preferences.

Grub Customizer (2.5.7) Installation

For Ubuntu 12.04/Linux Mint 13, you can easily install Grub Customizer with the following commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:danielrichter2007/grub-customizer
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install grub-customizer

For openSUSE 12.1 or older, run the following commands:

(openSUSE 32-bit)

wget -O grub-customizer-2.5.7-i686.rpm http://goo.gl/vE2Ev
zypper in grub-customizer-2.5.7-i686.rp

(openSUSE 64-bit)

wget -O grub-customizer-2.5.7-x86_64.rpm http://goo.gl/1GL6
zypper in grub-customizer-2.5.7-x86_64.rpm

For Fedora 17 or older, you can install with these commands:

(Fedora 32-bit)

wget -O grub-customizer-2.5.7-i686.rpm http://goo.gl/vE2Ev
sudo yum install grub-customizer-2.5.7-i686.rpm

 (Fedora 64-bit)

wget -O grub-customizer-2.5.7-x86_64.rpm http://goo.gl/1GL6B
sudo yum install grub-customizer-2.5.7-x86_64.rpm

That's it!                                                                                                                                 source

HTTrack 3.46-1 Website Copier Released - PPA Installation For Ubuntu 12.04/Linux Mint 13

HTTrack is a web-based program that allows users to copy any website to your local hard drive for offline browsing. Nothing complicated with this website copier due to its plain web interface, you insert some few details about the website to download and let HTTrack do the rest, which will copy every page on the website, images, backgrounds, and every file hosted on that server with support of resuming interrupted downloads or updating existing mirrored websites.

The latest version of HTTrack is 3.46-1 which hasn't yet landed in the official Ubuntu repository (only for Quantal currently), but you can install it from our custom PPA as described below for Ubuntu 12.04/11.10/11.04. This version brings better unicode filenames handling and many bug fixes.

HTTrack 3.46-1 Installation

To install HTTrack 3.46-1 in Ubuntu 12.04 or Linux Mint 13 (Maya), open the terminal and run these commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:upubuntu-com/web
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install webhttrack httrack

You can either start HTTrack via the Unity Dash, or open directly this URL:

To browse copied websites, you can check them in the "websites" directory located on your home. For CLI (Command-line interface) mode, you can run this command from the terminal and follow given instructions:


source : http://www.upubuntu.com/

Disable Apport Error Report Dialog in Ubuntu 12.04

In fresh Ubuntu 12.04 installation, it keeps popping up annoying apport error report dialog on every log-in even after sending the error report. This simple tutorial will show you how to disable this dialog in Ubuntu.

Open up terminal from the dash home or press Ctrl+Alt+T, edit “/etc/default/apport” file with this command: 

sudo gedit /etc/default/apport
Set enable=0:

Save the file, and done!

What is the HUD?

The HUD or Heads Up Display is a search-based alternative to traditional menus and is a brand new feature in Ubuntu 12.04.
Some apps like Gimp or Inkscape have hundreds of menu items. If you're using apps like these, you may remember the name of a menu option, but you might not remember how to find it in the menus.
Using a search box can be quite a bit easier and even faster than navigating complicated heirarchies of menus. The HUD also can be more accessible than normal menus as some people are unable to precisely control a mouse pointer.

It's easy to try the HUD:
  1. Tap Alt to open the HUD.
  2. Start typing.
  3. When you see a result that you want to run, use the up and down keys to select the result, then press Enter, or just click your desired search result.
  4. If you change your mind and want to exit the HUD, simply type Alt again or Esc. You can also click anywhere outside the HUD to close the HUD.
The HUD keeps track of your search history and adjusts the search results to be even more useful the more you use it.


Reduce Application Icon Size Of Gnome Shell

Open Terminal & type
sudo gedit /usr/share/gnome-shell/theme/gnome-shell.css
search for:
/* Application Launchers and Grid */ 
You'll see this:
/* Application Launchers and Grid */

.icon-grid {
    spacing: 36px;
    -shell-grid-horizontal-item-size: 118px;
    -shell-grid-vertical-item-size: 118px;

.icon-grid .overview-icon {
    icon-size: 96px;
Edit the icon-size: 96px to whatever size you like.
Save and
press Alt + F2 button  then type r
or logout and login again to refresh the shell themes.


Install Latest Chromium Browser 21 in Ubuntu 12.04 and Linux Mint

Chromium web browser, the open source version of Google Chrome has reached version 21. The Chromium daily build ppa has stopped updating the packages after version 18 was released. Tobias Wolf created a new ppa (for now) providing latest Chromium package for Ubuntu 12.04 Precise.
How to install the latest Chromium 21 in Ubuntu 12.04:
Open terminal from the dash home or press Ctrl+Alt+T, execute this command to add ppa:chromium-daily/ppa:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:towolf/crack

Update source:
sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get install chromium-browser
If you have an old chromium installed, run this instead:
sudo apt-get upgrade

6/24/2012 Revolutionary Clock: A Cool Desktop Widget You Have To Try On Ubuntu 12.04/Linux Mint 13 (Maya)

Revolutionary Clock is a conky widget that displays on your desktop various clocks in different sizes to show date, CPU & RAM usage. In this tutorial, we will help you install it under Ubuntu 12.04/11.10 or Linux Mint 13. Here is a screenshot of Revolutionary Clock under Ubuntu:

Revolutionary Clock Installation

To make the installation easier, I have uploaded the script files to our custom PPA. To install Revolutionary Clock on Ubuntu 12.04/11.10 or Linux Mint 13, open the terminal and issue these commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:upubuntu-com/conky
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install revolutionary-clock

You can now start Revolutionary Clock via the Unity dash:
For Linux Mint 13, search it in the Start menu:
 Here is a screenshot of Revolutionary Clock under LinuxMint 13 (Maya):
 To force kill all clocks, run this command:

killall conky

To install this script manually so that you start only certain clocks, you can refer to this page.


Install GnomishDark theme on Ubuntu 12.04/11.10/Linux Mint 13/12 (GTK3 + Gnome Shell)

This is a clean dark theme for GTK3, based on Adwaita (provided by gnome-themes-standard), plus a matching GNOME-Shell theme. This theme works with Gnome shell, Gtk3.

1st Install nouveGnome Gray Icons then install theme.

To install GnomishDark theme on Ubuntu/Linux Mint open Terminal (Press Ctrl+Alt+T) and copy the following commands in the Terminal:

  • mkdir ~/.themes
  • wget -O GnomishDark.zip http://dl.dropbox.com/u/53319850/NoobsLab.com/GnomishDark.zip
  • unzip GnomishDark.zip -d ~/.themes && sudo rm GnomishDark.zip
That's it, Enjoy

An Amazing Wood Theme For Gnome Desktops - Ubuntu 12.04/11.10

If you are attracted to brown themes, you can really enjoy this wood theme that is available for Gnome desktops. In this tutorial, we will help you install it under Ubuntu 12.04/11.10. Here is a screenshot of this wood theme under Ubuntu 12.04:


Start the terminal and run these commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:upubuntu-com/themes
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install wood-theme

To enable it, run these commands:

gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface gtk-theme 'wood-theme'

gconftool-2 --set --type string /apps/metacity/general/theme 'wood-theme'

Install apt-fast Download Accelerator in Ubuntu 12.04/11.10/10.04

apt-get command is a normal way to download and install packages and update system. apt-fast is a shellscript wrapper for apt-get that can drastically improve apt download times by downloading packages in parallel, with multiple connections per package. It uses axel or aria2c as a download manager.

Once you’ve setup apt-fast, you can use it like apt-get. To install a single package, make sure your database is up to date (apt-fast update), and run apt-fast install packagenamehere. Watch it download with incredible speed, and install your requested packages. To upgrade or dist-upgrade, do the same thing. Just use apt-fast dist-upgrade or apt-fast upgrade.

Install and set up apt-fast in Ubuntu:
apt-fast got an official PPA provides packages for Ubuntu 12.04, 11.10, 11.04, and 10.04. You can use a graphical way installing apt-fast from ppa:apt-fast/stable

Or, open up a terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) window and just execute following commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:apt-fast/stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install apt-fast axel
After installation, configure apt-fast to use axel as download manager:
  • edit the configuration file:
    sudo gedit /etc/apt-fast.conf
  • remove # before following “_DOWNLOADER” line and save the file
    # axel:
    _DOWNLOADER=’cat /tmp/apt-fast.list | xargs -l1 axel -n ${_MAXNUM} -a’ # axel
Now, run this command and then you can use apt-fast as apt-get

sudo apt-fast update

How To Increase Your Internet Connection Speed in Linux

Open a terminal in Linux you can use the combo keys ( Ctrl )+( Alt )+( T )
Open a terminal for wireless enter iwconfig then hit enter. For wired eithernet enter ifconfig & hit enter.
This should display the hardware & location of = 
EX =

mi@Mint8-KDEX64 ~ $ iwconfig
lo        no wireless extensions.

eth0      no wireless extensions.

eth2      IEEE 802.11  Nickname:""
          Access Point: Not-Associated
          Link Quality:5  Signal level:207  Noise level:166
          Rx invalid nwid:0  invalid crypt:0  invalid misc:0

mi@Mint8-KDEX64 ~ $

So here you can see that my wireless adaptor is located @ ( eth2 )
YOURS MAY BE DIFFERENT SUCH AS Wlan0 OR WLAN1, note the location, keep the terminal open.
Then were going to Navigate Open the file as root user with your text editor(gedit,kate,leafpad,Ect. whatever your text editor may be for the relevant desktop version you are using ),The text file we are Going to open is /etc/rc.local
In the open terminal input, or copy & paste this code:

For Gnome
sudo gedit /etc/rc.local

sudo kate /etc/rc.local

sudo leafpad /etc/rc.local

Enter your password.(The cursor will not show you entering your password.) This should open the rc.local file as root in the text editor.
Add this exactly. to the end of the list replacing ( wlan0 ) with whatever is in your connection readout previously in the terminal you opened.

iwconfig wlan0 rate 54M

At The End your text file should look like this =

# By default this script does nothing.
iwconfig wlan0 rate 54M
exit 0

Now save the file ( from the text editor drop down menu ) & close the Text editor. Now Close the Terminal.
By adding this to the end of the rc.local file, every time your computer connects to the Internet,It looks for the maximum speed that your connection offers.
Now You Must Reboot your Computer.
This works on all four of my systems I have modified, so far giving me the same speed that I get in Win.
I hope this works as well for you, Comments & suggestions are welcome, Have a Good Day,

Thanks to Jay514 LinuxMint Forum

Install SunFlower 0.1a.42 Twin-Panel File Manager in Ubuntu 12.10/12.04/11.10/Linux Mint 13/12

Sunflower is Open Source, twin panel, small and highly customizable File Manager for Linux with plugins support. Sunflower main purpose is to create powerful and easy use of file manager. Sunflower is developed in python language.

To install SunFlower in Ubuntu/Linux Mint open Terminal (Press Ctrl+Alt+T) and copy the following commands in the Terminal:

  • sudo add-apt-repository ppa:atareao/sunflower
  • sudo apt-get update
  • sudo apt-get install sunflower

How to Make Firefox Faster on Linux Mint

Before making any changes, please make a backup of .mozilla/firefox/--------.default/prefs.js for your own safety. prefs.js is a file that stores all of your history and bookmarks from Firefox. 
  •  First open Firefox. 
  • Type "about:config" (without quotes) in the Firefox address bar and then click "Enter". This command opens a configuration page that allows the user to change advanced system settings in Firefox.
  • Speed up page loading/rendering time in Firefox. Right-click anywhere in the "about:config" window, click on "New" and then select "String". Name the string "nglayout.initialpaint.delay" (without quotes). Enter a value of "0" and then click "OK". This tweak decreases the amount of time Firefox waits to render a page from 250 milliseconds to zero. Make the same process and name the string "content.notify.interval" and enter a value of "0".
  • Force Firefox to release reserved system RAM when the browser is minimized. Right-click anywhere in the "about:config" window, click on "New" and then select "Boolean". Name the entry "config.trim_on_minimize" (without quotes). Change the value to "True" and then click "OK". This setting forces Firefox to only reserve about 10 MB of system memory while minimized.
  • Normally Firefox only sends one or two tunnels to the website. However, the more tunnels you use the faster you go. To change this, type in filter bar "network.http.pipelining.maxrequests" and change the value to "150".
  • Attention: The more tunnels you use, the more bandwidth you use, meaning you could use as tunnels as you want but that would probably kill the sites bandwidth if everyone did that. 150 is a very good value.
  • Type "network.http.pipelining" in filter bar, and set it to "True" by double clicking it.
  • Type "network.http.proxy.pipelining" in filter bar, and set it to "True" by double clicking it.

Monitor System Resources in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

This tutorial shows how to monitor your Ubuntu system resources such as usage of processor, memory, network, hard disk and also cpu/motherboard temperature, cpu fan speed.
There’s a good system load indicator for Ubuntu monitoring cpu usage, cache, memory, network, etc. And psensor is a gtk+ application monitoring temperatures and fan speeds.

1. Install system load indicator

Open up a terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) and install it from ppa:indicator-multiload/stable-daily. You can use graphical way adding ppa

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:indicator-multiload/stable-daily
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install indicator-multiload

2. Install psensor to monitor temperatures and fan speeds

First install lm-sensor, and start detect hardware sensors:

sudo apt-get install lm-sensors sudo sensors-detect

Install Psensor from this ppa:jfi/ppa

sudo apt-add-repository ppa:jfi/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install psensor

3. Launch startup applications from the dash, add the two indicator as auto-start at login.
in command area:
  • system load monitor use indicator-multiload
  • psensor use psensor

BackBox Linux for Debian/Ubuntu

Ubuntu Natty 

You can update your system by adding ppa:backbox/two to your system's software sources.

Step 1 - Open a terminal and enter: 

 sudo add-apt-repository ppa:backbox/two 

Your system will now fetch the PPA's key. This enables your Ubuntu system to verify that the packages in the PPA have not been interfered with since they were built. 

Step 2 - Now, as a one-off, you should tell your system to pull down the latest list of software from each archive it knows about, including the PPA you just added: 
sudo apt-get update

Now you're ready to start installing software!
Other systems 

This PPA also can be added to your system manually by copying the lines below and adding them to your system's software sources.

Step 1 - Open a terminal and type: 

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

This will open a text editor containing the list of archives that your system is currently using. Scroll to the bottom of the file and paste the lines you copied in the step above. Save the file and exit the text editor. 

Step 2 - Now you need to add that key to your system so Ubuntu can verify the packages from the PPA. In your terminal, enter: 

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 78A7ABE1

This will now pull down the PPA's key and add it to your system. 

Step 3 - Now, as a one-off, you should tell your system to pull down the latest list of software from each archive it knows about, including the PPA you just added:

sudo apt-get update

Now you're ready to start installing software!


Find Us On Facebook

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger... Linux Directory